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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Data Analysis: Traffic Safety Facts: Research Note
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    DOT HS 812 205
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  • Abstract:
    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration publishes separate Traffic Safety Fact Sheets annually titled Pedestrians and titled Bicyclists and Other Cyclists. The most recently published Traffic Safety Fact Sheets contain 2015 data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and were published in 2017 (DOT HS 812 375 and DOT HS 812 382). This Research Note presents fatality and injury data regarding both pedestrians and bicyclists in a single document, and identifies similarities and differences between these two types of non-motorist road users. The first section (Fatality Trend Data From 1980 to 2015) examines long-term trends for both pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities over a period of 35 years, from 1980 to 2015. It focuses especially on fatality numbers and percentages, gender and age, and considers changes that have taken place over time. The second section (Fatalities in 2010 to 2015 combined) examines selected characteristics of both pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities, based on a recent “snapshot.” The characteristics include land use (urban or rural), hours of the day, light conditions, month of the year, day of the week, location, and non-motorist actions prior to the crash. These analyses use combined data over a 6-year period, 2010 to 2015. These two sections use data from FARS. The third section (Analysis of Speed Based on Fatalities and Injuries in 2010 to 2015 combined) focuses on pedestrian and bicyclist safety issues not previously included in NHTSA Traffic Safety Fact Sheets. These issues include posted speed limits on roadways where fatal and non-fatal injury crashes took place, and the involvement of speeding (driving over the posted speed limit or driving too fast for conditions). These issues have great relevance to recent efforts in the United States and around the world in setting goals consistent with Vision Zero, described below. This section uses data from FARS and the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES).

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