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Driver education practices in selected states : traffic tech.
  • Published Date:
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Filetype[PDF-262.10 KB]

  • Publication/ Report Number:
    Number 404
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  • Abstract:
    Teen drivers have the highest crash rate per mile driven of any

    age group (Williams, Ferguson, & Wells, 2005). Immaturity and

    inexperience are two explanations for why novice teen drivers

    have such a high crash risk (Arnett, 1992; Mayhew, Simpson,

    & Pak, 2003; McCartt, Mayhew, & Ferguson, 2006). Immaturity

    includes the heightened risk-taking behaviorteens exhibit. Lack

    of experience has been linked to crashes regardless of the age at

    which driving starts. High crash risk by teens can be accounted

    for both by immaturity and inexperience acting simultaneously.

    Both explanations can account for the higher teen crash risks

    at night, due to speed, with passengers, and on slippery roads,

    for example. Immaturity can lead teens to speed, drive recklessly

    in high-risk situations, and to succumb to peer pressure.

    Inexperience can be especially problematic in difficult driving

    situations and when there are a greater number of distractions.

    Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) systems have been shown to

    be effective in reducing the high crash rates among teen drivers.

    GDL systems gradually introduce teen drivers to more

    risky driving situations over time. GDL components usually

    include a learner’s permit during which driving is allowed only

    with a parent or instructor, nighttime restrictions that limit late

    night driving, limitations on the number of passengers teens

    may carry, a specified period of unsupervised driving without

    crashes or violations (intermediate license), and prohibition of

    use of any electronic device while driving.

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