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Connected Vehicle Procurement State of the Practice Assessment: Summary Findings Report (Final)
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    Final Report, October 2017-September 2018
  • Abstract:
    In a variety of forums, procurement has surfaced as an important and challenging topic that agencies must address in deploying Connected Vehicle (CV) projects. Due to the emerging nature of this field, most state and local transportation agencies have had limited experience with procuring CV systems. Given the current state of the marketplace for CV vendors and equipment manufacturers, the CV pilot program, the SPaT challenge initiative, and other CV or Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV) testing and deployment efforts by leading agencies, the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) commissioned an assessment of the state of the practice for procuring CV equipment and systems. This project addresses the question of how state DOTs and local agencies are purchasing connected vehicle equipment and systems today and what trends are emerging. The research was sponsored by the ITS JPO in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA’s) Office of Operations and was conducted by Noblis. The research team interviewed agency contacts that have either implemented or are planning to implement CV deployments. These agencies discussed their planned or implemented procurement approaches based on their own experiences. The participating agency contacts provided insight into those approaches and offered their views on best practices, challenges they faced or anticipated in their CV procurements, and future training and technology transfer needs. This report offers a synthesis of this information and provides examples of individual responses. Three CV procurement case studies (Florida DOT’s CV program, the Georgia DOT Atlanta project, and the Colorado DOT’s I-70 Mountain corridor) are also documented, including the project background, procurement approach used, results, and lessons learned to date. Most interviewees noted that procuring connected devices was possible using current procedures, but did express concerns regarding the scalability of current procurement methods for large deployments of CV, a general lack of CV technological maturity, interoperability issues between devices, evolving standards and policy as well as technological uncertainty regarding communication technologies such as DSRC and 5G. Several respondents identified limitations of the procurement process that can affect the success or efficiency of the procurement. These limitations generally relate to the fact that traditional procurement mechanisms are not well suited for CV deployment, such as procedures that require low-bid source selection. Respondents also encountered some difficulties with the CV equipment procured, which included slow production times, interoperability issues, and system malfunctions.

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