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Transportation Study : Impacts Associated with New and Emerging Natural Gas Liquefaction Facilities, Phase 1 Whitepaper
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    This whitepaper has been developed by the Volpe Center for PHMSA’s Research and Development Office (PHH-23) of the OHMS Engineering and Research Division (PHH-20) under existing interagency agreement IAA #DTPH5615V00001 to assist OHMS in completing a transportation study on the impacts associated with new and emerging small scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities and the LNG powered vehicles they support. Total dry natural gas production in the United States increased by 35% from 2005 to 2013, with the natural gas share of total U.S. energy consumption rising from 23% to 28%. Production growth resulted largely from the development of shale gas resources in the lower 48 states (including natural gas from tight oil formations).1 The abundant supply of domestic natural gas is driving the rapid development of liquefaction plants, new industrial uses for LNG, and new vehicles that use LNG as fuel. These developments are driving industry and regulators to develop transportation packagings and systems to support this growth. In general, LNG facilities that either receive or deliver natural gas from or to a pipeline are regulated by 49 CFR Part 192 (Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline: Minimum. Federal Safety Standards) and by 49 CFR Part 193 (Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards). This whitepaper focuses on the following categories of new and emerging LNG facilities/operations identified by PHMSA’s Pipeline Safety Office in a May 2014 draft report that are not regulated under 49 CFR Part 193.
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