Connected Vehicle Infrastructure : Deployment and Funding Overview
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Connected Vehicle Infrastructure : Deployment and Funding Overview

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  • English

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      This report reviews existing and proposed legislation relevant to connected vehicle infrastructure (CVI) implementation, identifies existing funding mechanisms for CVI implementation, reviews CVI pilot programs and case studies, and provides an overview of CVI technology. CVI technology is one component of the broader category of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Specifically, CVI technology focuses on communications and connectivity between vehicles and infrastructure. This technology allows units in vehicles to communicate with units built into transportation infrastructure, and offers potential safety, mobility, and environmental benefits. Pilot programs have been established through the U.S. Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office (ITS JPO) and serve as demonstrations to the potential applications of the technology to realize these benefits. There are also established connected vehicle test beds located across the country which allow for members of the program, both public and private entities, to test CV technologies and share their findings. Generally, this report found that CVI related legislation, funding, and deployments have primarily come from the federal level. Many states have passed automated or connected vehicle legislation, but none directly addressing CVI. A major unknown is the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposal to require dedicated short range communication (DSRC) devices in passenger vehicles. If this requirement is passed it would allow most personal vehicles to take advantage of CVI technology and create the fleet market penetration that would strengthen the value proposition for public investment. Like CVI legislation, many of the CVI technology pilot deployments are federally funded programs, while new and existing federal funding programs provide the bulk of available funding for CVI projects. Such programs include the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program and the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP). ITS applications as part of larger projects can become eligible to receive additional federal funding. Federal-aid programs which include ITS funding typically provide 80 to 90 percent of eligible project costs if certain criteria are met. As there are typically limited funds available at the state or local level, these federal programs are the primary source of funding. There are also opportunities for private investment, but the availability of these are not guaranteed or consistent.
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