Development and validation of deterioration models for concrete bridge decks - phase 2 : mechanics-based degradation models.
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Development and validation of deterioration models for concrete bridge decks - phase 2 : mechanics-based degradation models.

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    • NTL Classification:
      NTL-HIGHWAY/ROAD TRANSPORTATION-Bridges and Structures ; NTL-HIGHWAY/ROAD TRANSPORTATION-Construction and Maintenance ;
    • Abstract:
      This report summarizes a research project aimed at developing degradation models for bridge decks in the state of Michigan based on durability mechanics. A probabilistic framework to implement local-level mechanistic-based models for predicting the chloride-induced corrosion of the RC deck was developed. The methodology is a two-level strategy: a three-phase corrosion process was modeled at a local (unit cell) level to predict the time of surface cracking while a Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) approach was implemented on a representative number of cells to predict global (bridge deck) level degradation by estimating cumulative damage of a complete deck. The predicted damage severity and extent over the deck domain was mapped to the structural condition rating scale prescribed by the National Bridge Inventory (NBI). The influence of multiple effects was investigated by implementing a carbonation induced corrosion deterministic model. By utilizing realistic and site-specific model inputs, the statistics-based framework is capable of estimating the service states of RC decks for comparison with field data at the project level. Predicted results showed that different surface cracking time can be identified by the local deterministic model due to the variation of material and environmental properties based on probability distributions. Bridges from different regions in Michigan were used to validate the prediction model and the results show a good match between observed and predicted bridge condition ratings. A parametric study was carried out to calibrate the influence of key material properties and environmental parameters on service life prediction and facilitate use of the model. A computer program with a user-friendly interface was developed for degradation modeling due to chloride induced corrosion.
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