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IVHS Countermeasures For Rear-End Collisions, Task 1 Volume V: 1985 Nass Case Analysis, Interim Report
  • Published Date:
    1994-02-01
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-849.56 KB]


Details:
  • Creators:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
    DOT HS 808 565
  • Resource Type:
  • Format:
  • Abstract:
    Transferred from EDL on 5/14/2008

    THE ATTACHED REPORT IS FROM THE NHTSA SPONSORED PROGRAM, "IVHS COUNTERMEASURES FOR REAR-END COLLISIONS," CONTRACT #DTNH22-93-C-07326. THE PROGRAM'S PRIMARY OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP PRACTICAL PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES OR SPECIFICATIONS FOR REAR-END COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS. THE PROGRAM CONSISTS OF THREE PHASES: PHASE ONE: "LAYING THE FOUNDATION" (TASKS 1-4), PHASE TWO: "UNDERSTANDING THE STATE-OF-THE-ART" (TASKS 5 & 6), AND PHASE THREE: "TESTING AND REPORTING" (TASKS 7-9). THIS WORK FOCUSES ON LIGHT (PRIMARILY PASSENGER) VEHICLES AND EMPHASIZES AUTONOMOUS IN-VEHICLE BASED EQUIPMENT (AS OPPOSED TO COOPERATIVE INFRASTRUCTURE-BASED EQUIPMENT.)



    PHASE I OF THIS CONTRACT, LAYING THE FOUNDATION, CONSISTED OF 4 TASKS: TASK 1: A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE REAR-END CRASH PROBLEM, TASK 2: DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEM-LEVEL FUNCTIONAL GOALS, TASK 3: HARDWARE TESTING OF EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES, AND TASK 4: DEVELOPMENT OF PRELIMINARY PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS OR GUIDELINES. THE GOALS OF TASKS 1, 2 AND 3 WERE TO DEVELOP THE BACKGROUND NEEDED TO WRITE THE PRELIMINARY PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES (TASK 4).



    TASK 1, A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE REAR-END CRASH PROBLEM, CONSISTED OF ANALYSIS, BOTH CLINICAL AND STATISTICAL, OF AVAILABLE MASS ACCIDENT DATA BASES, SOME OF WHICH INCLUDE THE PRE-CRASH VARIABLES, AND AN INITIAL HUMAN FACTORS

    STUDY. THE GOAL HERE WAS TO IDENTIFY, DETERMINE THE NATURE OF, AND QUANTIFY THE CAUSES OF REAR-END TYPE CRASHES. A REPORT VOLUME WAS WRITTEN FOR EACH OF THESE AREAS.



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