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Marijuana and actual driving performance
  • Published Date:
    1993-11-01
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-9.66 MB]


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Marijuana and actual driving performance
Details:
  • Corporate Creators:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
    DOT-HS-808-078 ; IGVG-92-15 ; NTIS-PB94173630
  • Resource Type:
  • Geographical Coverage:
  • TRIS Online Accession Number:
    672239
  • Edition:
    Final report
  • NTL Classification:
    NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-SAFETY AND SECURITY ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Highway Safety ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Human Factors ;
  • Format:
  • Abstract:
    Scanned by Ecompex on April 13 2007

    This report concerns the effects of marijuana smoking on actual driving performance. It presents the results of one pilot and three actual driving studies. The pilot study's major purpose was to establish the THC dose current marijuana users smoke to achieve their desired "high". From these results it was decided that the maximum THC dose for subsequent driving studies would be 300 µg/kg. The first driving study was conducted on a closed section of a primary highway. After smoking marijuana delivering THC doses of 0, 100, 200, and 300 pg kg, subjects drove a Far while maintaining a constant speed and lateral position. This study was replicated with a new group of subjects, but now in the presence of other traffic. In addition, a car following test was executed. The third driving study compared the effects of a modest dose of THC (100 µg/kg) and alcohol (BAC of 0.04 g%) on city driving performance. This program of research has shown that marijuana, when taken alone, produces a moderate degree of driving impairment which is related to the consumed THC dose. The impairment manifests itself mainly in the ability to maintain a steady lateral position on the road, but its magnitude is not exceptional in comparison with changes produced by many medicinal drugs and alcohol. Drivers under the influence of marijuana retain insight in their performance and will compensate where they can, for example, by slowing down or increasing effort. As a consequence, THC's adverse effects on driving performance appear relatively small. /Abstract from report summary page/

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