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Fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies.
  • Published Date:
    1998-11-15
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-2.02 MB]


Details:
  • Creators:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
    ANL/ES/CP-97963
  • Resource Type:
  • Corporate Publisher:
  • NTL Classification:
    NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Air Quality ; NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Alternative Fuels ; NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ; NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Environment Impacts
  • Format:
  • Abstract:
    NTIS Invoice: 21912;

    NTIS Order #:DE00011181

    At an international conference on global warming, held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the United States committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% over its 1990 level by the year 2012. To help achieve that goal, transportation GHG emissions need to be reduced. Using Argonne's fuel-cycle model, I estimated GHG emissions reduction potentials of various near- and long-term transportation technologies. The estimated per-mile GHG emissions results show that alternative transportation fuels and advanced vehicle technologies can help significantly reduce transportation GHG emissions. Of the near-term technologies evaluated in this study, electric vehicles; hybrid electric vehicles; compression-ignition, direct-injection vehicles; and E85 flexible fuel vehicles can reduce fuel-cycle GHG emissions by more than 25%, on the fuel-cycle basis. Electric vehicles powered by electricity generated primarily from nuclear and renewable sources can reduce GHG emissions by 80%. Other alternative fuels, such as compression natural gas and liquified petroleum gas, offer limited, but positive, GHG emission reduction benefits.

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