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Aggregate Toughness/Abrasion Resistance and Durability/Soundness Tests Related to Asphalt Concrete Performance in Pavements
  • Published Date:
    1998-03-01
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-158.06 KB]


Details:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
  • Resource Type:
  • TRIS Online Accession Number:
    752079
  • NTL Classification:
    NTL-HIGHWAY/ROAD TRANSPORTATION-Materials ; NTL-HIGHWAY/ROAD TRANSPORTATION-Pavement Management and Performance ;
  • Abstract:
    The properties of aggregates used in asphalt concretes are very important to the performance of the pavements in which the asphalt concretes are used. Often pavement distress, such as stripping and rutting, can be traced directly to the aggregates used. Clearly, proper aggregate selection is necessary for attaining desired performance. Numerous tests have been developed to empirically characterize aggregate without, necessarily, a strong relationship with the performance of the final products incorporating these aggregates. This seems to be particularly true for aggregate "toughness and abrasion resistance" and "durability and soundness". The purpose of this research was to identify and evaluate toughness/abrasion resistance and durability/soundness tests for characterizing aggregate used in asphalt concrete and to determine those test methods that best correlate with field performance. Based on a review of literature and specifications, laboratory tests for characterizing aggregate toughness/abrasion resistance and durability/soundness were selected. Sixteen aggregate sources with poor to good performance histories were identified for evaluation with the selected suite of tests. Performance histories of pavements containing these aggregates in asphalt concrete layers were established through personal contacts with state transportation agencies and performance evaluation questionnaires. Aggregate properties from laboratory tests were correlated with field performance. The Micro-Deval and magnesium sulfate soundness tests provide the best correlations with field performance of asphalt concrete, and are recommended for characterizing aggregate toughness/abrasion resistance and durability/soundness. Tables, figures, references. 26p.

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