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The Implementation of Downtown Auto-Restricted Projects
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The Implementation of Downtown Auto-Restricted Projects
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    In 1975 UMTA's Office of Service and Methods Demonstration launched a demonstration program of Auto Restricted Zones (ARZs) which went beyond the traditional scope of linear pedestrian malls. ARZs involve auto restriction in a large geographic area with integration of a transit component. This study's goal is to evaluate the implementation process of the ARZ demonstration program. Other Central Business District (CBD) revitalization alternatives to ARZs were examined. A mail survey was conducted to solicit information from city planning department directors in the 112 central cities of the U.S. Survey items were directed to the period since 1975 and addressed several issues: CBD problems, CBD revitalization projects, and implementation problems and lessons associated with these projects. From the responses, CBD projects were grouped into three categories: Public, private, and joint public/private projects. ARZs accounted for 10 percent of all 166 reported projects. One-fifth of all projects were private developments, the remainder represented public and private collaboration. Further study was made of specific projects. The study confirmed two views about planning and the planner's role: Policy is not just drawn up and implemented but must be continually adapted during negotiations, and planners are quite successful in combatting planning problems but have problems confronting support problems. Support problems consist primarily of instigating support and coordinating participants. The skills of negotiation and coordination are essential in dealing with the private sector, indicating that a redefinition of the role of public planning is in order. The planner can play an important role as a mediator in maintaining consensus and in resolving disagreements that threaten implementation.

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