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Design Guidelines for Bus Transit Systems Using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as an Alternative Fuel.
  • Published Date:
    1996-09-01
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-2.86 MB]


Details:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
    DOT-VNTSC-FTA-96-10 ; FTA-MA-26-7021-96-4 ;
  • Resource Type:
  • Geographical Coverage:
  • NTL Classification:
    NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Alternative Fuels ; NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Transit Energy and Environment ; NTL-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION-Bus Transportation ; NTL-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION-Transit Safety and Security ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-SAFETY AND SECURITYNTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Transit Safety and Security ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Vehicle Design ;
  • Format:
  • Abstract:
    The use of alternative fuels to power transit buses is steadily increasing. Several fuels, including Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), and Methanol/Ethanol, are already being used in buses. At present, there do not exist comprehensive facility guidelines to assist transit agencies contemplating converting from diesel to other alternative fuels. This document addresses that need. This guidelines document presents the various facility and bus design issues that need to be considered to ensure safe operation when using LPG as the alternative fuel. Fueling facility, garaging facility, and maintenance facility requirements and safety practices are indicated. Fuel properties, potential hazards, fuel requirements for specified level of service, applicable codes and standards, ventilation, electrical classification, etc., are discussed. A system safety assessment and hazard resolution process is also addressed. This approach may be used to select design strategies which are economical, yet ensure a specified level of safety. This report forms part of a series of monographs being published by the U.S. DOT/FTA on the safe use of alternative fuels. Documents similar to this one in content are being published for CNG, LNG, and Methanol/Ethanol.

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