Determining minimal display element requirements for surface map displays

Determining minimal display element requirements for surface map displays

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    NTL-AVIATION-Airports and Facilities ; NTL-AVIATION-Aviation Human Factors ; NTL-AVIATION-Aviation Safety/Airworthiness ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Accidents ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Human Factors ;
  • Abstract:
    There is a great deal of interest in developing electronic surface map displays to enhance safety and reduce incidents and incursions on or near the airport surface. There is a lack of research, however, detailing the minimal display elements required to describe the airport surface for different uses of a surface map display. In order to address this question, 43 general aviation pilots were asked to rate the need for information required during phases of operations on or near the airport surface (taxi out, takeoff, final approach and landing, taxi in). Participants rated 88 different display elements that are found on current airport diagrams or made available by data from airport surveillance technologies. The data show the shifting need for information across different phases of operations. Additionally, the data reveal a drop in pilots’ subjective need for runway information when pilots taxi in to the gate relative to the other three phases of operations.
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