Proceedings of the workshop on human response to aviation noise in protected natural areas, October 28-29, 2008
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Proceedings of the workshop on human response to aviation noise in protected natural areas, October 28-29, 2008

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    • Abstract:
      According to Section 808 of the National Parks Air Tour Management Act of 2000, any methodology

      adopted by a Federal agency to assess air tour noise in any unit of the national park system shall be

      based on reasonable scientific methods. Therefore, the FAA and NPS share a mutual interest to develop

      scientifically defensible methodology to quantitatively assess noise impacts from aviation in National

      Parks. Although the agencies could pursue wholly independent research programs, public investment in

      research will realize the highest return if the FAA and NPS mutually develop a prioritized list of research

      topics and a coordinated strategy for stimulating this research.

      To date, several studies have been funded by these agencies which strive to define the relationship

      between aircraft noise “dose” and an associated human response (dose-response) gathered from park

      visitor surveys.1, 2, 3, 4 Following the example of residential dose-response relationships, the analyses of

      the data from the park visitor studies focused on evaluating relatively simple functional forms of noise

      doses and mediating variables as predictors of visitor responses in surveys. However, research results

      suggest that a simple model does not adequately characterize human responses to noise in protected

      natural and cultural areas, such as National Parks. In addition to visitor responses to noise as measured

      by annoyance or acceptability, research is needed to investigate physiological responses to noise events

      and the degree to which noise degrades opportunities to perceive the sounds of the park.

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