Proceedings of the workshop on human response to aviation noise in protected natural areas, October 28-29, 2008
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Proceedings of the workshop on human response to aviation noise in protected natural areas, October 28-29, 2008

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      NTL-AVIATION-AVIATION ; NTL-AVIATION-Aviation Energy and Environment ; NTL-ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT-Aviation Energy and Environment ;
    • Abstract:
      According to Section 808 of the National Parks Air Tour Management Act of 2000, any methodology adopted by a Federal agency to assess air tour noise in any unit of the national park system shall be based on reasonable scientific methods. Therefore, the FAA and NPS share a mutual interest to develop scientifically defensible methodology to quantitatively assess noise impacts from aviation in National Parks. Although the agencies could pursue wholly independent research programs, public investment in research will realize the highest return if the FAA and NPS mutually develop a prioritized list of research topics and a coordinated strategy for stimulating this research. To date, several studies have been funded by these agencies which strive to define the relationship between aircraft noise “dose” and an associated human response (dose-response) gathered from park visitor surveys.1, 2, 3, 4 Following the example of residential dose-response relationships, the analyses of the data from the park visitor studies focused on evaluating relatively simple functional forms of noise doses and mediating variables as predictors of visitor responses in surveys. However, research results suggest that a simple model does not adequately characterize human responses to noise in protected natural and cultural areas, such as National Parks. In addition to visitor responses to noise as measured by annoyance or acceptability, research is needed to investigate physiological responses to noise events and the degree to which noise degrades opportunities to perceive the sounds of the park.
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