Final Case Study for the National Scenic Byways Study Scenic Resource Protection Techniques and Tools
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Final Case Study for the National Scenic Byways Study Scenic Resource Protection Techniques and Tools

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    In an effort to protect the scenic, cultural and historic resources found along designated scenic corridors, many communities have adopted a wide variety of scenic resource protection techniques. The common element among all of these techniques is the overarching principle of conservation.· Communities throughout the nation are coming to recognize that places of outstanding beauty and character often occur naturally, however, these places do not remain that way without determined efforts to sustain them. Increasingly, communities are taking conscious steps to protect the scenic, cultural, and historic resources found within their boundaries. This study identifies a range of scenic resource protection techniques now being used in support of scenic byway programs and other related resource management programs. The techniques are portrayed in a manner that informs state highway departments, local governments, and community organizations of their application iu scenic byway programs. The study 's analytic approach creates a framework for relating the various techniques and tools to a range of scenic environments, and to a series of applicability criteria. This framework then forms the basis of a matrix which identifies where a scenic resource protection tool might be applicable, how effective it might be in a given circumstance, what costs are involved, and what requirements are needed for its implementation. Scenic components cross-referenced in the matrix are: 1. Foreground ( scenic focal points), middle-ground ( scenic "viewshed"), and background (panorama) scenic view types as found in the scenic environments which are consistent with the AAA ' s classification of scenic landscapes. These scenic environments include: Quintessential Landscape Scenery (the "best" characteristic features of scenery in a given region), Natural Landscape Features (strikingly scenic natural features), Cultural Landscapes (areas within a region that are unique compared to the general scenery in the remainder of a region), and Historic Landscapes (sites commemorating historic events or architectural features). 2. Tool applicability criteria, including its perceived effectiveness, cost to implement, time frame, administrative feasibility, legal or practical precedent, form of management, and level of government. 3 . The scenic resource protection tools themselves, including the categories of Land Acquisition Approaches, Land Transfer Controls, Land Use Controls, Land Development Controls, Tax Incentives, Planning Techniques, View Protection, Sign Control, and Voluntary Approaches. This study serves as a "primer" on scenic resource protection tools for scenic highways . Tools in each of the categories outlined above are described and placed within the application framework to allow for both an understanding of how the tool works as well as where the tool might readily be applied.
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