Leading Pedestrian Interval (LPI)
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Leading Pedestrian Interval (LPI)

Filetype[PDF-311.84 KB]


  • English

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      Leading Pedestrian Intervals (LPIs) are low-cost adjustments to signal timing to increase pedestrian safety at signalized intersections. An LPI gives pedestrians a typical 3- to 7-second head start before vehicles in the parallel direction are given the green signal indication. LPIs can help reduce conflicts between pedestrians and left- or right- turning vehicles. The LPI works to position the pedestrian within the crosswalk thereby decreasing the likelihood of a conflict or crash with a left- or right-turning vehicle ahead of the turning traffic. Agencies will often consider restricting Right Turns on Red (RTOR) in association with LPIs to better control for conflicts with right-turning vehicles. The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) offers guidance on signal timing when LPI is used. The MUTCD says an LPI “should be at least 3 seconds in duration and should be timed to allow pedestrians to cross at least one lane of traffic or, in the case of a large corner radius, to travel far enough for pedestrians to establish their position before the turning traffic is released. Using Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS) with LPI provides indications for persons with disabilities. MUTCD guidance also offers considerations for accessible pedestrian signals when LPIs are used.
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