Home-to-Work Trips during the Transportation Strikes in Ile-De-France at the End of 1995
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Home-to-Work Trips during the Transportation Strikes in Ile-De-France at the End of 1995

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  • English

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      In November and December 1995, the region of Ile-de-France experienced strikes resulting in a virtually complete interruption of public transport. During this period, a majority of economic activity continued. The Direction Rigionale de'I quipement (Department of Transportation Local Service) carried out a survey of this time period from which several lessons can be learned. Considerable congestion on the roads increased the journey-to-work by 70%. Ninety percent of the workforce advanced their hour of departure from their residence by 90 minutes on average, and 80% left work more than 90 minutes early. The peak schedule of demand was advanced by up to 2 hours in the morning and 2 hours in the evening. The peaks were broader and flatter, particularly in the morning. Almost 50% of those normally using public transport switched to private car, most often a carpool. The stopgap measures taken in the absence of public transport worked to some degree. Since the end of the strike, however, commuters returned to their earlier modes of transport.
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