Land use transportation interaction : an examination of the 1995 NPTS data
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Land use transportation interaction : an examination of the 1995 NPTS data

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    Greater population density is associated with decreasing annual miles driven, greater bus availability, decreased dependency on single occupancy vehicles and increased use of transit. The private automobile is still the dominant mode of travel although African Americans, Asians and Hispanics are slightly more likely to use other modes of transportation.

    Increasing population density is associated with fewer person trips, fewer person miles traveled, and fewer person miles per trip. Residents of densely populated areas report the fewest vehicle trips, vehicle miles traveled, and vehicle miles per trip. Less densely populated areas tend to have more drivers per adult and more vehicles per adult.

    Second cities tend to follow national averages with regard to several transportation parameters, for example, drivers per adult, vehicles per adult, percent of persons working from home, and auto-dependency. Approximately 20% of second city residents go to work by a mode other than the private automobile. Residents of second cities report the highest number of person trips of any area type. Persons in suburban areas make the next highest number of person trips. A surprisingly high number of low-income residents live in second cities, which have limited transit availability.

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