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Evaluation of Florida Asphalt Mixes for Crack Resistance Properties Using the Laboratory Overlay Test Procedure
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Evaluation of Florida Asphalt Mixes for Crack Resistance Properties Using the Laboratory Overlay Test Procedure
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    Final Report
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    The primary objective of this research study is to evaluate the applicability of using the overlay test to characterize common asphalt mixtures for crack resistance in flexible pavement design in Florida. Cracking performance of common Florida asphalt mixtures were evaluated using laboratory Overlay Test (OT) procedure. Nine standard mixes for traffic level C & E, which included SP-12.5, SP-9.5, and SP-4.75 mix designs, were selected to conduct the overlay test. The mixtures were prepared using both PG 67-22 virgin asphalt binder and PG 76-22 polymer modified asphalt (PMA) binder. The effects of material characteristics, polymer modifier, and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) on the crack resistance of Florida asphalt mixtures were evaluated. The test results had a good agreement on the three replicate samples. The coefficients of variation (COV) were less than 20% for all types of mixtures. It was found that SP-9.5 mixtures had the best cracking performance compared to SP-12.5 and SP-4.75 mixtures when RAP was included. Considerable effects were found on the asphalt binder and RAP. Crack resistance of asphalt mixtures was significantly improved if PMA binder was used. However, the crack resistance was decreased when 20% RAP was included in the mix designs. A simplified fracture mechanics analysis was conducted to obtain the fracture properties from Paris’ Law. Crack indices, which can be easily obtained from the OT test results, are introduced and correlated to fracture properties.

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