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Motorcycle Safety and Intelligent Transportation Systems Gap Analysis, Final Report
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  • Alternative Title:
    Motorcycle Safety and Intelligent Transportation Systems Gap Analysis
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    Final Report, August 2014 to April 2017
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  • Abstract:
    Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) present an array of promising ways to improve motorcycle safety. While ITS technologies have predominantly targeted automobiles and commercial vehicles, little has been done to specifically address motorcycles or motorcycle safety. To help rectify this, this project surveyed a wide range of ITS technologies with potential relevance to motorcycles; analyzed each technology’s current relevance to motorcycles and potential to improve motorcycle safety; and then further investigated those technologies with strong potential to improve motorcycle safety. The project employed a two-pronged methodology in its survey of ITS technologies, consisting of (1) a comprehensive literature review of over 40 categories of ITS with potential relevance to motorcycles and (2) interviews with leading practitioners representing a cross section of the motorcycle industry and community. The literature review and the practitioner interviews each revealed a series of trends and gaps in the current state of research on motorcycle safety and ITS, which are documented and discussed in this report. The project then synthesized these trends and gaps to determine the overall trends and gaps, as well as the opportunities to advance ITS technology for motorcycle safety. These opportunities were translated into two types of recommendations for action: (1) recommended areas of research and (2) recommended strategies to advance both these areas of research and the overall field of ITS for motorcycle safety. The recommended areas of research include: synergizing ITS technology and implementation with the already successful technology of antilock braking systems (ABS) in motorcycles; rider-motorcycle interfaces; motorcycle safety data (including preparations to take full advantage of big data moving forward); applied research and assessments of safety benefits; and the harmonization of ITS technologies and standards (e.g., interoperable connected vehicles). The recommended strategies include: actively promote research on motorcycle ITS and explore synergies with closely related research; engage the motorcycle community and general public to improve the design and acceptance of motorcycle ITS; embrace upcoming technology (particularly connected vehicles and big data applications); and collaborate with all sectors and stakeholders to promote ITS harmonization and widespread implementation.

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