General guidelines for identifying and evaluating historic landscapes
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General guidelines for identifying and evaluating historic landscapes

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    Historic landscapes can possess historical values coming from the full range of human history, including ethnography and traditional cultural values. Because the definition of historic landscape is broad and not always well understood, identification and evaluation of such properties must be made carefully, based on an appropriate level of research and analysis. This guidance is designed to help cultural resources professionals identify and evaluate historic landscapes, particularly those encountered in the course of conducting environmental studies to comply with the requirements of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and its implementing regulations, 36 CFR Part 800. The guidelines focus on recognizing, describing, and recording historic landscapes; evaluating them for eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places; assessing project effects; and treating eligible historic landscapes that may be wholly or partially included within a project?s designated Area of Potential Effects (APE). This guidance is based on documents prepared by the National Park Service (NPS), particularly the National Register bulletins which provide technical information on identifying and evaluating landscapes for the National Register of Historic Places. The Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation also provided additional useful information. Information presented in these guidelines is intended to supplement, not replace, NPS guidance. It is largely a compilation and distillation of existing documentation, directed at the particular needs of cultural resources staff conducting surveys for transportation projects. Reference, 27 p.
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