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The ties that bind : bi-national trade and its implications of the U.S. and Canada using bi-national freight movement network via border crossings : final report.
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    The ties that bind : bi-national trade and its implications of the US and Canada using bi-national freight movement network via border crossings.
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    The objectives of this research are to understand the economic importance of border bridges on the U.S.-Canada economies, especially involving the various US states proximate to the Provinces of Ontario, and to simulate various the U.S.-Canada border bridge policy and security scenarios. To this end, we combined a novel bi-national highway network data with a freight flow dataset using ports of entry (POE) via highway border crossings. Through several sub-procedures, the US and Canada highway systems are integrated into a single network dataset. This contributes to providing hierarchical economic impacts at the state/province or lower levels of the two countries. Complex and disaggregated models can lead to a better understanding of how economic impacts resulting from traffic pattern changes on the border bridges can affect the local economies of neighboring states in the United States. Combining models and data from two countries, this project could bring an implication of methodological innovations in border security and freight transportation modeling. This enables us to explore the freight traffic pattern between the US and Canada. Weighted Eigenvector Score is computed using a Social Network Analysis tool. The results demonstrate that major regional bodies are the primary users of major POE between the US and Canada. In addition, border wait time dataset was monitored and analyzed to set the border delay baseline. This study not only offers an improved understanding of the economic implications of US-Canada border crossings, but also contributes to developing a simulation tool, a bi-national Transportation-combined National Interstate Economic Model. Such a tool is expected to extend and apply to other contexts, such as transportation and national and bi-national security, among other applications. Additionally, this study suggests several important considerations for US and Canadian officials charged with devising policy to protect against security threats while facilitating legitimate flows of goods, services and people across the border.
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