Development of new precipitation frequency tables for counties in Kansas using NOAA Atlas 14.
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Development of new precipitation frequency tables for counties in Kansas using NOAA Atlas 14.

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  • Abstract:
    This report documents the development of KDOT’s new rainfall tables for counties in Kansas based on

    NOAA Atlas 14 Volume 8. These new tables provide rainfall depths and intensities for durations from 5

    minutes to 24 hours and recurrence intervals from 1 to 500 years. The new tables will replace the KDOT’s

    current rainfall tables. This report also provides an overview of the Atlas 14 products, a summary of the

    methodology used to develop the Atlas 14 estimates, and guidance for use of the new KDOT rainfall tables.

    Averaged across Kansas, precipitation estimates have decreased for most combinations of duration and

    recurrence interval. The changes vary geographically across Kansas. The changes in Johnson, Sedgwick and

    Finney Counties were examined in detail. The spatial variability of the precipitation estimates has increased

    considerably. The changes in the precipitation frequency estimates are not necessarily indicative of actual

    changes in extreme precipitation characteristics. These changes are largely attributable to the improved

    statistical methodologies used in Atlas 14 compared to TP-40 and HYDRO-35.

    The impacts of these changes on design discharges for bridges, culverts and other drainage structures

    vary by hydrologic method. Design discharges computed with the Rational formula and the Extended

    Rational equations for Kansas will increase or decrease by the same percentage as the precipitation input to

    these equations. Discharges computed with the three-variable regression equations for Kansas will increase

    or decrease by a slightly larger percentage than the precipitation input. Discharge computed with the USGS

    flood-frequency regression equations for Kansas are unaffected by the changes in the precipitation frequency

    estimates. Design discharges computed by flood hydrograph simulation will decrease slightly in most cases

    for most locations in Kansas.

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