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The effect of passengers on teen driver behavior : traffic tech.
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Filetype[PDF-870.31 KB]

  • Publication/ Report Number:
    DOT HS 811 613
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  • Abstract:
    A number of studies have shown that passengers substantially

    increase the risk of crashes for young, novice drivers.

    This increased risk may result from distractions that young

    passengers create for drivers. Alternatively, the presence

    of passengers may increase the likelihood of teenage drivers

    engaging in explicitly risky behaviors, for example,

    by actively encouraging the drivers to take risks. A better

    understanding of the nature of passengers’ influence

    on teenage driving will help develop strategies to reduce

    young drivers’ increased crash risks.

    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration analyzed

    data collected through an earlier naturalistic driving

    study (Goodwin, Foss, Margolis, & Waller, 2010). Over a

    six-month study period, event-based data recorders collected

    24,085 driving clips, of which 4,466 were selected for

    analysis. Each clip included video, audio, and accelerometer

    data from a 20-second segment of driving. The coding

    system used to analyze the clips included detailed information

    about the vehicle occupants, and a number of verbal

    and nonverbal driving behaviors potentially related to the

    presence of passengers. The sample included 52 drivers:

    38 newly licensed teens and 14 high-school-age siblings.

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