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Determination of mechanical properties of materials used in WAY-30 test pavements.
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Determination of mechanical properties of materials used in WAY-30 test pavements.
  • Alternative Title:
    Determination of mechanical properties used in WAY-30 test pavements
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    Technical report.
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  • Abstract:
    The US Route 30 bypass of Wooster, Ohio, in Wayne County, “WAY-30”, was constructed to demonstrate two types of

    extended service pavements, a long-life Portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement on the eastbound lanes and an asphalt

    concrete (AC) perpetual pavement on the westbound lanes. Both pavements are designed to provide 50 years or more of

    service with minimal maintenance (e.g. resurfacing). The PCC pavement structure features a thick and extra-wide slab on an

    asphalt treated base, while the AC pavement structure features a Superpave surface and a Fatigue Resistant Layer (FRL).

    Report FHWA/OH-2008/7 discusses the instrumentation and studies of the response of the pavement under loads. For this

    study, samples of all pavement materials, including soils, granular subbase material, PCC mixes, and AC mixes were tested

    in the laboratory to determine material parameters. Four asphalt mixes were selected to provide a rut and fatigue resistant

    pavement structure, while two mixes of the PCC were used in different sections of the road. The subgrade material was

    ODOT type A-4a (AASHTO A-4). The granular subbase material was A-1a with high permeability (1.001 cm/s or 2,838

    ft/day). PCC tests included: unit weight, modulus of rupture, static modulus of elasticity, Poisson’s ratio, splitting tensile

    strength, compressive strength, maturity, and thermal coefficient of linear expansion. AC test results indicated that the

    creation of asphalt-rich bottom by adding additional asphalt binder did work to increase the fatigue resistance by orders of

    magnitude. At 70 με, the expected fatigue endurance limit and the designed strain level for the structure, regular 302 mix

    showed 20,000 cycles to failure while asphalt-rich 302 mix (Fatigue Resistant Layer) is estimated to have 20 million cycles to

    failure. For average climatic and traffic conditions (25°C or 77°F; 10 Hz or 0.1 sec loading time), the overall dynamic moduli

    and the resilient moduli of asphalt mixes were higher than the values used in the development of the asphalt perpetual

    pavement structure. This will reduce the maximum strain at the bottom of FRL significantly than the designed 70 με. The

    rutting test results from asphalt pavement analyzer test and flow numbers obtained from the repeated load test indicated that

    all asphalt mixes were rut-resistant. TSRST cracking temperatures of asphalt mixes were lower than the expected pavement

    temperatures for the project site determined by LTPPBind software, suggesting the possibility of the low temperature thermal

    cracking would be very small.

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