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Update of vehicle sanction laws and their application : volume I and volume II.
  • Published Date:
    2008-09-01
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-3.95 MB]


Details:
  • Publication/ Report Number:
    DOT HS 811 028A ; DOT HS 811 028B ;
  • Resource Type:
  • Geographical Coverage:
  • Edition:
    Marvin Levy
  • NTL Classification:
    NTL-LAWS AND REGULATIONS-Federal Laws ; NTL-LAWS AND REGULATIONS-State Laws and Regulations ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Human FactorsNTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Highway Safety ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Accidents ;
  • Format:
  • Abstract:
    Because of the substantial number of driving while intoxicated (DWI) offenders driving illegally with suspended

    licenses and the limited enforcement resources available to dealwith the problem, many States and the Federal government

    have begun to enact legislation directed at the vehicles owned by offenders to limit their illicit driving. Such policies fall into

    three broad categories: (1) programs that require special plates on the vehicles of DWI offenders and/or confiscate the vehicle

    plates and vehicle registration; (2) devices installed in the vehicle that prevent its operation if the driver has been drinking

    (alcohol ignition interlock); and (3) programs that impound, immobilize, confiscate or forfeit the vehicle. This study updates as

    of the end of 2004 a 1992NHTSA study of vehicle sanctions. The 1992 study reported that 32 States had laws providing for

    various vehicle sanctions; however, in most of these States these sanctions were rarely used. This current study updates that

    effortwith a contemporary overview of vehicle sanction laws and their application as of December 2004. It goes beyond the

    earlier study by reporting on information from other countries, incorporating a review of ignition interlock devices (not

    considered in the earlier study) and providing amore recent list of vehicle sanctions on a State-by-State basis.

    This report, compared to the 1992 report, identified 131 pieces of legislationwith all 50 States having at least one

    vehicle sanction lawin 2004.Although it was difficult to obtain quantitative information on the application of vehicle

    sanctions, itwas documented that at least 51 of the 131 laws are used regularly. Alcohol ignition interlock laws were enacted

    most often in the States (43), followed by vehicle forfeiture laws (31). Half of the States (25) reported having alcohol ignition

    interlock laws thatwere actively being applied on at least some of the eligible offenders. There are a number of barriers to the

    implementation of vehicle sanctions. These are discussed along with suggestions for improvements in their application. Volume I synthesizes and summarizes the findings; whereas Volume II describes vehicle

    sanctions status for each State as of the end of 2004.

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