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Very-early-strength latex-modified concrete overlay.
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    Technical assistance report. Sept. 1997-Sept. 1998
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    This paper describes the installation and condition of the first two very-early-strength latex modified concrete (LMC-VE) overlays constructed for the Virginia Department of Transportation. The overlays were prepared with a special blended cement rather than the Type I/II cement used in the conventional latex-modified concrete (LMC) overlay. LMC-VE mixture proportions, installation equipment, and procedures are similar to those used for conventional LMC overlays. However, when working with LMC-VE, the contractor must work faster because the concrete loses slump rapidly and the curing period is approximately 3 rather than 72 hours. Tests of the compressive strength of the LMC-VE overlay performed during the early hours after installation indicated that traffic could be placed on the overlay within 3 hours rather than within the 4 to 7 days required for the conventional LMC overlay. Tests of bond strength and permeability to chloride ion indicated that the overlays are performing satisfactorily and can be used as an alternative to LMC to extend the life of bridge decks. Pending continuing favorable test results, it is anticipated that LMC-VE overlays can be used when construction during short lane closure periods is highly desirable. Use of LMC-VE may reduce inconvenience to motorists; allow for installation at night; provide negligible to very low permeability; and provide high strength, particularly high early strength.

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