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A New Planning Template for Transit-Oriented Development
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  • Abstract:
    The Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI) at San Josi State University assigned a project team to design a planning template for transit-oriented development (TOD) that incorporates an understanding of nonwork travel, that is, trips for shopping, eating out, and engaging in recreational and cultural activities. Nonwork trips are growing in signifigance and now account for four of every five trips. At the same time, TOD has become a popular planning response to the impacts of metropolitan growth. Some planners believe that TOD will induce more pedestrian and transit trips and will reduce the average length and frequency of

    household auto travel. This effect is assumed to result from improved accessibility to employment and nonwork venues located in compact, mixed-use centers. Planning professionals in many MPOs also suggest that if multiple centers are linked by high quality transit, such as light or heavy rail, access is enabled to the broad range of nonwork activities.The project arrived at these essential findings: (1) Venues for nonwork activities are very numerous and geographically dispersed.

    (2) The spatial environment for nonwork activities is the result of growing prosperity, technical innovation, and a dynamic, com-petitive

    marketplace. (3) The consumer marketplace will provide many more places to go than mass transit can cost-effectively

    serve. (4) Current metropolitan planning methods and modeling tools focus on the work trip and do not adequately account for the

    complexity of nonwork trips and their linkage to work trips.

    These findings support the need for a new regional planning process to complement current methods. One recommended approach

    is that metropolitan communities establish a Nonwork Travel Improvement Planning Process using a multidisciplinary expert

    advisory group interacting with a core, Internet-enabled, professional transportation planning staff. An iterative interaction across

    varied but relevant skill sets could be achieved through a Backcasting Delphi process. The focus of the interaction would be on

    understanding the ramifications of consumer and retail industry behavior for TOD and other new transportation strategies, and

    then assessing the available strategies for cost-effectiveness in reducing the impacts of growth and automobility in a complex and

    uncertain metropolitan market.

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