Improvement of older driver safety through self-evaluation : the development of a self-evaluation instrument
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Improvement of older driver safety through self-evaluation : the development of a self-evaluation instrument

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    This research project was designed to increase safety in the older driver population by developing and testing a self-evaluation instrument. The instrument is intended for drivers who may be starting to experience declines in driving abilities or loss of confidence in certain driving situations. The instrument is designed to give people a source of information about themselves in addition to all of the other cues they are receiving about their current or future driving. The purpose of the instrument is twofold: 1) For those drivers willing and able to assess their own driving abilities, the instrument can give feedback for making good driving decisions by increasing self-awareness and general knowledge (of their driving abilities, medication use, and health status), and by suggesting appropriate driving restrictions and clinical evaluations; and 2) The instrument can increase general awareness of age-related declines in driving abilities for generating discussion with peers and within families. This report documents the development and testing of the self-evaluation instrument. Instrument development proceeded in three phases. The first phase involved the development of a framework for the instrument. The second phase involved the selection and development of questions to be asked and feedback to be offered. The last phase involved an evaluation/validation study of the instrument to determine whether or not certain parts of the instrument measured what they were supposed to measure, and to determine, by self-report, whether or not self-awareness was increased. While analysis of the evaluation/validation study data is still underway, preliminary evidence shows that the workbook increased general knowledge and self-awareness and was perceived as a useful tool for generating discussions within the families of older drivers.
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