Urban Design, Urban Form, And Employee Travel Behavior
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Urban Design, Urban Form, And Employee Travel Behavior

  • 1997

Filetype[PDF-26.49 KB]


  • English

  • Details:

    • Resource Type:
    • TRIS Online Accession Number:
      789780
    • NTL Classification:
      NTL-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ; NTL-PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION-Social Impacts ; NTL-PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLES-Pedestrians ; NTL-PLANNING AND POLICY-Surveys ; NTL-PLANNING AND POLICY-Transit Planning and Policy ; NTL-PLANNING AND POLICY-Travel Demand ; NTL-PLANNING AND POLICY-Land Use ; NTL-SAFETY AND SECURITY-Human Factors ;
    • Abstract:
      Personal travel behavior choices made by employees appear to be influenced by a number of urban design and urban form characteristics of their work place. Several important attributes include the density of development and the accessibility of non-work activities, such as eating at restaurants and shopping (frequently accompanied by a greater mix of land uses). The research reported in this study focuses on travel choices made by employees during their commute to work and during their workday. Travel patterns were examined for employees in four different urban and suburban employment centers. The mix of uses varied from a virtual single use center to a full urban core with numerous types of activities. The research revealed strong relations between the various urban form/urban design characteristics and the total number of trips made per day, the total number of trips by individual modes (transit, walking, automobile), and the number of trips made by trip purpose. The data suggest dramatic differences in the travel patterns of employees with similar jobs and incomes depending on the urban character of the work place (including mix of land uses.) An additional insight derived from the analysis was the difficulty in isolating the causal relationships between trip making and mode choice in relation to urban design, urban form and transit service variables.
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