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Accelerated Determination of ASR Susceptibility during Concrete Prism Testing through Nonlinear Resonance Ultrasonic Spectroscopy: TechBrief
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    This document is a technical summary of a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) project that is fully documented in a separate report under the same title (FHWA-HRT-13-085). The alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is one form of deterioration that may significantly reduce the service life of concrete structures. Currently, ASR susceptibility of aggregate sources is most commonly assessed through length change in the concrete or mortar specimens over time while subjected to standardized acceleratory conditions. The standard concrete prism test (i.e., ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C1293) is considered the most representative of field performance. However, one significant practical drawback of that test is its long duration, which is 1 year to assess aggregate reactivity and 2 years to assess mitigation measures. The standard accelerated mortar bar tests (AMBT) are considerably quicker to perform but have not proven reliable in all cases, leading some agencies and owners to implement alternate test durations and/or expansion limits. The objective of this research is to develop a reliable measurement technique that can more quickly quantify damage associated with ASR in concrete specimens while also providing an assessment of the accumulated damage. The developed technique, nonlinear impact resonance acoustic spectroscopy (NIRAS), is based on measurements of the nonlinear acoustic or vibration responses of concrete specimens.
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